When food becomes a problem - student blog

When food becomes a problem – student blog

What forms are there?

Eating disorders are among the most common chronic mental disorders in adulthood. In particular, the handling of food and the relationship with one’s own body are disturbed. There are three main forms:

  • and anorexia (Anorexia),
  • and bulimia (Addiction to food and vomiting) a
  • and binge eating (regularly occurring binge eating without weight control measures).

anorexia

With anorexia, there is a large loss of weight or a long-lasting underweight. Sufferers feel themselves to be fat and uncomfortable, although in reality they are extremely underweight. Added to this is the constant fear of gaining weight. At the beginning of the disease, sufferers are often happy and pretend to be comfortable in their own body, but this does not last long. Positive feelings turn into a depressed mood, problems are often hidden and social contacts are neglected. As the disabled do not understand that they are ill for a long time, professional help comes only very late.

The chances of a complete cure are especially good if anorexia is caught early. Treatment is primarily about getting patients to develop healthy eating habits and regain weight.

bulimia

Bulimia is a period of regular binge eating where the sufferer quickly eats much more than is normal for most people. The situation is completely uncontrolled, the patient’s body weight is usually within the normal range. But in order not to gain weight, sufferers often induce vomiting or use laxatives. They usually end up in a vicious circle: hunger pangs occur because meals are skipped. However, because of the ravenous hunger, sufferers think they have to take countermeasures to avoid gaining weight.

As with anorexia, early detection can lead to improvement in symptoms and full recovery. During treatment, it is important to prevent relapse and teach patients to eat normally again.

binge eating

Similar to bulimia, people with binge eating disorder experience binge eating on a regular basis. They cannot control their food intake and will stop eating only when they feel uncomfortable and full. After eating, sufferers often feel guilty, even disgusted with themselves, and therefore hide the attacks from other people. Unlike bulimia, weight loss measures such as vomiting or exercise are rarely used. Most sufferers are overweight, although binge eating disorder can also occur in people of normal weight.

As with the other two forms of eating disorders, sufferers have a high chance of recovery if the disease is detected early. During treatment, triggers for binge eating should be identified and the patient should be helped to regain healthy eating habits.

However, eating disorders often occur in a mixed form. An eating disorder cannot be clearly attributed to one of the three diseases, so symptoms of at least two of these diseases appear.

Eating Disorders Need Treatment!

Eating disorders must be treated because sufferers usually cannot get their eating problems under control on their own. Behind such a disease is often a psychological problem that needs to be treated therapeutically. For successful therapy, it is important that sufferers are willing to treat their eating disorder themselves.

Eating disorders and obesity can be treated at the Heiligenfeld clinics in Bad Kissingen, Uffenheim and Waldmünchen. A holistic and specific therapy concept is followed. Emphasis is placed on restoring appropriate eating habits and developing a positive self-image.

On ours place Sufferers receive further information about the issue of eating disorders, the concept of therapy and the Heiligenfeld clinics.

Source: Federal Center for Health Education

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