what’s behind it? Can you train and strengthen them?

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Resilience is a term we come across a lot in today’s world. They talk about resilient colleagues, friends and other people who seem to simply relieve stress and tension. But what exactly is resilience? What is behind the concept? What is it really about?

The classic concept of resilience

The word resilience comes from English (“resilience”) and basically means something similar elasticity, resilience or resilience. The term was originally used in materials science used before it gained its importance in psychology, social pedagogy and many other disciplines.

First introduced in psychology became a concept of resilience in the 1950s. However, the growing importance of the concept of resilience began with research in the 1970s, which is considered the first study of the concept. At this long term study were development processes children the island which from difficult circumstances they were followed from their birth for 40 years. The result of this study was that approx one third examined children despite adverse circumstances mentally healthy and capable adults he became. The researchers described these children as resilient to the risks they faced in their development.

But what exactly does resilience mean now? It’s due psychological resilience meant by some people, which causes it crisis survived to become and from this opportunity for development is pulled out. In the classical sense, the term refers to childrenas presented in the study, during their development various development risks exposed from which many other children would take negative consequences, but not these resilient children. The risks to which children are exposed can be biological, psychological or social in nature. This can be, for example, poverty, trauma, low socio-economic status, parental divorce, chronic diseases or experiences of violence and war. Resilient children appear to avert negative developmental trajectories and maladaptive behaviors that may result from individual risks and develop mentally healthy and self-confident despite all difficult circumstances.

On the other side of the spectrum is the concept vulnerability. It is a kind of resistance antagonist. Vulnerability means that individual vulnerability, which a person takes various risks. Especially vulnerable people therefore have a higher risk of maladaptive and unhealthy behavior and thus disorders.

today the concept of resilience is more open and also refers to People who are psychologically resilient to crises in everyday life, who survive them and emerge stronger from themwithout it breaking. Such people are also referred to as resilient. But it is and remains important A reference to psychological resilience to adverse circumstances or crises that are accepted and processed in a beneficial way so that you can emerge stronger from themwhich defines the term resilience.

What influences the development of resistance?

There is resilience not as a fixed or stable character trait to understand what a child or a person can and cannot have from the beginning and what does not change with it in life. Resilience is much more Abilitywho through a process of development and adaptation and the influence of various factors developed on this. Humans can and must first acquire resilience as a trait. Resilience is then manifested in how a person behaves, how he thinks and evaluates situations and what patterns he has in life. However, this does not mean that a resilient person is absolutely immune to negative events, i.e. that he is completely invulnerable. Resilience is something relativewhich is also specific situation can show

There are various factors involved in this process that influence the development of resistance. First, take the ones already mentioned problematic circumstances or crisis major impact on development. So resistance develops not in spite of these circumstances but just because of that and the associated challenges that they want and need to overcome.

In order to be able to emerge stronger from successfully overcoming them, other factors are also important. That plays a central role in it social environment one that can provide protective factors that promote resilient development. There is one like that secure fit to a stable reference person inside or outside the family, even if the rest of the family system is supposed to be rather dysfunctional. Also positive support from friends, teachers and neighbors are protective. They can also act as a confidant, offering emotional support and support. In addition, it seems to be useful for children have a task and follow through on it. This is, for example, the case when children had to be independent and take responsibility at an early age.

In addition to social factors, personal, or temperamental characteristics play a role. Resilient children or people would later attract attention as infants and toddlers because they balanced and with an open mind they are about one high level of driving Properties. Also independence and efficiency is often seen in these school-aged children. Also discipline and empathy It seems to play a role in development as well intelligence and cognitive performance one person. However, in order for these protective properties to develop, Interaction with the environment is crucial.

What can be done to increase resilience?

Resilience is something that can be learned and trained, which is influenced by many different factors. But what can you do to gain more resilience if you didn’t build it in childhood? So how to better deal with crises and come out of them stronger? On the one hand, this means dealing with difficult situations with resilience appropriate assessment style. Resilient people are not disillusioned, but they tend to be they tend to see something positive in uncertain situations and rather believe that this good exit I will have. The sense of for also comes into play here reality important because realistic assessment of situations can eliminate unrealistic fears, especially if they are more likely optimistic attitude come extra.

Except self-efficacy of people is central because resilient people tend to believe it they can do something themselvesthat this positive course occurs. So take it no victim role they participate in what is happening, but they see themselves as an active part of what is happening, who can have a positive influence on it. In order to think and act independently, you must also knowing and not doubting your skills and abilities, but rather build on them and use them. This is too solution orientation central. Focusing on the problem does not offer the opportunity to solve it and grow from it. Rather, resilient people focus on possible solutions, how it can be achieved and how they can influence it.

So it’s not about suppressing difficult situations or throwing them away, but rather accept them, reflect on them with a solution orientation, approach them independently and effectively on this basis and use them as opportunities for development. Learning and practicing this way of thinking and evaluating situations is by no means easy or quick. It’s more like one a long-term learning processone you have to get into and one you should really want to go to.

It also includes self-care and self-care. This also includes Value and maintain social connections that provide support. In crisis situations, resilient people can rely on this social network, which provides them with additional support and helps them overcome the crisis.


Resilience, i.e. psychological resistance in relation to critical and difficult situations and events, is no innate ability or superpowers that people may or may not have. Rather, it is a skill that develops to a greater or lesser extent thanks to various influencing factors. But it can be trained and built even later in life. But you have to be willing to do it longer process enter into. Because resilience is not something that can be built overnight or that stays in any situation forever and is instantly available. However, who tries to consider some points and in yourself and your assessments and attitudes work aa supportive environment maintains, can build resilience and come out of crises stronger. The aspects presented here are by no means exhaustive or generalizable. There are some aspects that can lead to more resilient crisis management, but not necessarily for everyone. Building resilience is something individual that can look different for everyone.

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