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Single parents often have it harder than two-parent families. This is evident from various studies. But what are the transitions between partnership and single parenthood? Which factors play a role here? Who are the most common single parents? Who is more likely to remain a single parent and who is more likely to form new partnerships?
That German Economic Institute (IW) has in his IW Trends 3/2019 “Life situation of mothers during the transition to and from single parenthood” examined how mothers’ transitions between partnership and single parenthood are shaped. You have the living conditions of mothers separation time taken into account and also which single mothers in which situation partner again. Thus, it is also necessary to consider to what extent the disadvantage of lone parents is actually due to the lack of a partner and what can be explained by general structural differences between couple families and lone parents.
To explore transitions between partnering and single parenthood, Data from the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) used, with observation time from 2010 to 2017. They were in sight single mothers with children under the age of 16, while those who lived in a joint household with a child(ren) and without a partner were considered single parents.
Overall, 17.8% of the mothers were single parents, 2.1% had switched to single parenting and 7.2% of them had changed to a partnership.
age and migration
The first thing IW looked at was what role it had maternal age plays in the transitions between partnership and single parenthood. It was just for moms up to 25 years found effect where this more often from partnership to single parenthood would change than older mothers. Based on the change for Single parenting in a partnershipbe it for moms up to 25 years and mothers over 45 years old less likely than middle-aged mothers. When controlling for other influencing factors, this trend was significantly confirmed for people under 25 years of age. Overall it seems Maternal age has no significant effect on transitions between partnership and single parenthood, although some findings suggest a special role for mothers under 25.
Based on migration background the IW study showed that women who immigrated and were not born in Germany it happened, sure less often from partnership to single parenthood would change than mothers without a migrant background.
Moreover, it was age of children and number this one is watching. mothers with several children as younger children they are accordingly less common with one parent. According to the IW, mothers who have multiple children are less likely to transition from partnership to single parenthood. Change for Single parenting in a partnership would especially mothers with younger children (especially under 3 years).
education and economic situation
From the point of view of educational status, it was found that single mothers sa A college degree is less likely to start a new partnership would make the switch, while single mothers without professional qualifications would make the switch more often than mothers with such qualifications.
Moreover, according to IW less often employed as mothers in couple families. However, if single mothers are employed, they are more often full-time designed. Single mothers and full-time working mothers would be included more often enter into a partnership.
Next it came too income IW aims to shed light on the transitions between partnership and single parenthood. A particularly strong connection was found between The relationship between unemployment benefits II and social assistance and one higher probability from couple family to single parenthood found to be changing. It follows in IW-Trends that The economically worse situation of single parents probably often dates back to the days before single parenthood originates from or is already reflected here.
risk taking, health and more
To further consider transitions between partnership and single parenthood, IW also Willingness to take risks they take mothers into consideration. more risk taking So mothers would more often from partner family to single parenthood switch. Besides, they would later less common from single parenthood new partnership as risk-averse single mothers.
Relative to self-judgment health condition of mothers proved that mothers sa good health condition more often in single parenthood change, but also partner more often would enter.
Also Relationship statusbased on a marriage, according to IW, appears to play a role in whether the transition to single parenthood occurs. as if it were free mothers more likely to be single parents switch. In addition, there was a tendency towards mothers with partners without professional qualifications more often in single parenthood it would change.
Conclusion and requirements
After considering the transitions between partnership and single parenthood, IW reached the following conclusion. Some aspects of the living situation of single parents are also related to this structural differences can be attributed not only to the lack of a partner. Especially related to often unfavorable income situation it stands to reason that this they date from before single parenthood, or these often already existed here. How exactly these two aspects are related, however, cannot be deduced from the analysis. However, it can be stated that mothers in an unfavorable income situationwho receive unemployment benefit II or social assistance, more often in single parenthood it would change. The same goes for at-risk mothers. Rarely, however, mothers change from a partner family to single parenthood several children. When it comes to the transition between single parenthood and partnership, it should be mothers in particular children under 3 years oldlike risk-taking persons mothers make this change.
In connection with the formulated policy requirements, IW also draws attention to this qualifying offers necessarily to improve the economic situation of single parents. Also offer care as needed they are important. Above all, it is important to continue realistic expectations, while the structural differences between couple families and single parents would also have to be taken into account. With regard to the transition between a couple family and single parenthood, one could consider Increased and expanded counseling and support for families receiving unemployment benefit II and social assistance to offer what might help to face such a transition.
Here you will find IW Trends 3/2019:
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