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Gender stereotypes in the context of Pisa
Magazine Scientific advances has studies he posted it gender stereotypes investigated, which assume different gifts and talents according to gender. The authors examine the socially anchored Prejudices as men are generally more gifted and talented than women. They drew on the results of PISA 2018 study approach whose subjects* more than one half million students of total 72 countries includes
The study found that talent and talent generally more in almost all countries surveyed associated with men is happening girl also think about yourself less talented, like boys. For example, 61% of 15-year-old test subjects agreed with the statement: “If I fail, I’m afraid I won’t have enough talent.” Among male test subjects, only 47% agreed with this statement.
The more developed the country, the stronger the belief in stereotypes
Contrary to the intuitive assumption that stereotypes that include gender increasing development of the state less importantly, the study found that the more developed the country, the less girls believed in their own talents. Only students were asked Saudi Arabia they believe in their talents more than students in the country who participated in the survey. In all other countries, girls believe in their talents and abilities less than boys.
This is probably due to the great importance individualism in richer countries. The authors believe that this is responsible for the return to old and easily digestible gender roles. As another justification, they also cite the fact that in many less developed countries different understandings of intelligence rules. For example, in India or South Africa, everyone is assumed to have the potential for high intelligence, while in Western countries, high intelligence is always assumed to be partly a matter of talent and ability.
Gender differences larger when comparing high-performing students
The gap between boys and girls in their self-attributions of talent and ability is also greater strong Students. Accordingly, high-achieving boys are rated as more talented overall than high-achieving girls. Thanks to this, girls are prone to the so-calledHochstappler syndrome” where people feel inadequate despite objective evidence of their ability. Boys may be more prone to take on the role work and initiatives underestimated for the desired success.