Passungsprobleme zwischen Ausbildungssuchenden und Betrieben

Mediation between training seekers and companies

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Vocational training is important to meet the need for skilled workers, because this is how skilled workers are trained. However, there are currently problems with matching between training applicants and companies. How it looks? What are the causes? What could be done?

Current numbers

Matching problems between training applicants and companies were taken into account “Country Monitor for Vocational Education 2019” of Sociological Research Institute Goettingen and Professorship for Business Education and Personnel Development at the University of Goettingen, with funding from the Bertelsmann Foundation. The dual vocational educationvocational training in schools and the vocational transition sector in Germany.

The number of trainees in dual system of professional education between 2015 and 2017 it increased slightly and in 2017 it was about half of all trainees out. The training situation in the dual system in Germany for applicants improved. In 2017, there were 97 training vacancies per 100 trainees, while in 2009 there were only 89 vacancies.

This nationwide positive situation is however, it varies greatly regionally significant. Especially in south and east Germany exists more apprenticeships than applicants for apprenticeships, as in Passau, with 123 vacancies for 100 applicants. in west and northwest be However, demand is higher than supplysuch as in Hagen with 80 vacancies for every 100 applicants.

In addition to these differences between countries, there are also differences in perspective professional areas. to be like that IT and security professions with 92 and 88 vacancies against 100 applicants Popularas well as profession positions of medical specialists with 93 positions for 100 applicants. bottom if there is a demand Cleaning, hotel/catering and food craft sector with approximately 120 vacancies per 100 applicants.

assembly problems

Despite this improved starting position, there are still clear problems with matching between those seeking training and companies, according to the results of the national monitor. It shows the fact that it’s still 2018 13 percent of education applicants do not have an apprenticeship however, he could find 10 percent of training positions are vacant she stayed. By comparison, the proportion of unfilled training places in 2009 was still 3 per cent and the proportion of those seeking teaching without an apprenticeship was 14 per cent.

The high number of people seeking training who could not find a place for training and training vacancies has various reasons. On the one hand, there are regions in which The number of available training places is too low for the number of people looking for training be. In other regions it is exactly the opposite and it is too many training places for too few people seeking training. In other regions, be The number of apprenticeships and those looking for them remains consistently high. These are the regions where fit issues would come into play. These have tripled since 2009 and are now available throughout Germany 10 percent training places.

Difficulties in matching between training candidates and companies can have various reasons. So this could be it open training positions, not to the professional aspirations of those seeking training would be suitable. This issue has already been discussed in a post on the topic Change in the educational situation in shortage professions addressed. Also vice versa this problem may occur. In both cases, they are talking about the same thing professional fit problem. In 2018, this was the case in a third of cases (34 percent) behind the assembly problem. By comparison, in 2009 it accounted for just 7 percent of the problems they encountered.

Regional conditions could also lead to assembly problems. There are suitable places, but on one other labor agency district rather than the place of residence of the job seeker, one is spoken of regional problem fit. This problem occurs especially in large federal states. It’s 2018 across the country 23 percent identified assembly problems.

Applicants for training a However, the vacancies fit together from a professional and regional point of view and it is not the beginning of an apprenticeship, if it is spoken of property-related settlement problem. Such a problem may arise if applicants not all features required by the company able to fulfill. It can be, for example, graduation. In addition, such a problem could also arise on the part of those who seek training, if they want Reject companies with vacancies for various reasons, for example because it seems too small or because the conditions are not as desired. This species is nationwide for 44 percent assembly problems in 2018.

High school students and foreign young people at a disadvantage

With regard to the problems of merging between training applicants and enterprises, the initial situation of secondary school students and young foreigners was also taken into account in the national monitor. So young people have a maximum of one chance graduationfinding an apprenticeship immediately after leaving school became even worse. 2017 should 47 percent from them direct training started, while in 2009 it was still 52 percent. On the other hand, 87 and 96 per cent of young people with a GCSE or GCSE would go straight into a fully qualified training place.

The cap also plays a role in relation to assembly problems. For example, in manufacturing professions, in 2018, 73 percent of dual education positions with a minimum requirement of a high school diploma were advertised. In contrast, the actual share of secondary school-educated young people among teachers was only 37 percent.

Although the location for foreign youth between 2007 and 2017 improved have, they would still be twice as common only in transition sector pass, like German teenagers. Even after checking existing school qualifications, there are differences between foreign and German young people when it comes to direct entry into fully qualified education.


generally location for those interested in an apprenticeship nationwide improved, regional however, it exists big differences. Despite all the improvements, there are still many people looking for an apprenticeship without an apprenticeship and more and more apprenticeships remain unfilled. come here labor, regional and property problems which prevent people looking for training and companies from finding each other. Lower secondary school students and young people from abroad have worse chances.

Here you can find Country Monitor 2019:

State monitor of vocational education and training 2019 – summary of results

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