Humanities Perspectives • Profiling Institute

Humanities Perspectives • Profiling Institute

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Humanities are often viewed with skepticism in our society. There is a general prejudice that humanities graduates all become taxi drivers because their qualifications have no prospects on the labor market. But what does reality look like? What are the perspectives of humanities scholars?

Actual data

That Institute of German Economics (IW) has in his Report IW 32/19 “Humanities scholars on the labor market: Professions, industries, career positions” humanities perspectives on the labor market are highlighted. First it was about them student numbers in the field of humanities. According to this, there were around 342,000 students in this field in 2017/18, of which about a third completed teacher training. This represents a 24 per cent increase in students compared to 2007/08, but is below general student growth. This corresponds to the share of humanities graduates among all students. While in 2007/08 their share was around 14 percent, in 2017/18 it was only 12 percent. Without teacher students, it was 9 and 8 percent. The same applies to the number of graduates. With the exception of teachers, more people graduated in this field, but their share in the total number of graduates also decreased.

What is labor market participation?

It is related to the specific perspectives of humanities graduates on the labor market Data from 2016 evaluated. Student teachers were excluded from consideration. Accordingly, the proportion of employed humanities scholars in 2016 5.6 percent of all employed academics, which is relatively low. On the contrary, the largest share was made up of legal, economic and social scientists.

Now a closer look at the group of people employed in the humanities is devoted to it. Accordingly, the largest share within this group falls on Cultural, literary and linguistic scholars and Germanists back with 32 percent. In second place, with 29 percent, would be graduates of the fields history, philosophy and religious studies follow. Third place, each with 25 percent, belongs to foreign languagesfourth place goes to me at 14 percent Library and documentation science and journalism. You can find out how to become a journalist here.

Based on gender ratio there are more women than men in this field (65 percent). This is a difference compared to other employed graduates, as the share of men clearly predominates here with 55 percent.

and unemployment rate it is higher for humanities researchers at 4 percent than for academics at 2.4 percent, but still below the general unemployment rate in 2016.

What type of employment is prevalent?

Considering the perspectives of humanities scholars, the IW report also addresses Type of employment humanities scientists. So the majority is in State service employed (24 percent), as are most academics in general (28 percent).

Most of them are in permanent employment. Still, 17.7 percent of humanities graduates are in temporary employment, higher than the academic average of 11.9 percent.

Most do full-time employment chase. Yet he lies Percentage of part-time workers with 35 percent, compared to academics in general (22.4 percent), very high. This could be due to the vastness proportion of women in this area can be attributed to the fact that women are more likely to work part-time than men. In many cases, part-time work is self-chosen. Only 11 percent of part-time humanities scholars say it is involuntary. For academics in general, only 7 percent would say so.

marginally employed is only 6.1 percent, for all academics it is 3.7 percent.

Self-employed persons 19 percent are humanities graduates, among all academics this proportion is lower, at 15.6 percent. Most of them are self-employed humanities scholars Sole trader (87 percent), which means that they have a higher share of this type of self-employment than among all academics (58 percent). This type of independence could be an emergency solution, but it doesn’t have to be.

and Perspectives of Humanities Scholars on the labor market are based on these results is not as problematic as it is often made out to be. Although the proportion of part-time workers is higher and the unemployment rate higher than for academics as a whole, it is still within the average unemployment rate for the entire population. Other aspects are also often applicable to humanities scholars rather than all academics, but they are far from affecting the vast majority of them.

Where do humanitarian scientists work?

To further shed light on the perspectives of humanities scholars, the IW report also looked at the professions in which humanities scholars work and what activities they engage in. So that’s it The spectrum in which it operates is wide. of main emphasis however lie in Area of ​​pedagogical and communicative activities. Overall, about half of all humanities scientists are in the fields Didactic, communication and language skills employed.

Even with the really trained ones profession be bandwidth particularly broad in the humanities, which means that people here are particularly diverse flexible It seems to be a specific career choice. This is probably due to the fact that job advertisements are often not addressed directly to humanities scholars.

Based on a more extensive analysis of IW, it became clear that approx 43 percent humanities scholars for their study atypical occupations they are active, which is a very high value in contrast to all academics. According to this, humanities scholars could probably contribute their skills even in rather atypical and academically unrelated fields.

Also related to Industries, in which humanitarian scientists work, a similar picture emerges. While 46.6 percent work in fields related to their studies, they are 53.4 percent in non-degree-specific sectors employed. Humanities scholars are particularly common in the service sector.

Are there enough jobs?

Adequacy of employment also plays a role in the perspectives of humanities graduates, so IW has also taken this into account. Based on level of requirements from the performed activity, are in the vicinity 57 percent of humanities scholars are employed at the highest level. Among all academics, it is around 63 percent. However, the share of humanities scientists is at the lowest degree, for which no degree is required, also higher than for all academics (approx. 24 and 18 percent, respectively). However, if only full-time employees were considered, this share would be only 18 percent and thus only 3 percentage points higher than for all academics.

Both full-time staff and PhD Humanities graduates, on the other hand, are much more likely to find employment at the highest level. The fact that humanities scholars in study by typical or atypical profession and sectors are employed because people in typical occupations are much more likely to be employed at the highest level. That also age This appears to be having an effect, as older employees are also more likely to be hired at the highest level. That also male gender it seems to have a positive impact.

Based on the proportion of people in leadership position, this applies to only about 14 percent of humanities scholars, but about 20 percent of all academics. In relation to all management and control activities, it is a humanitarian scientist significantly less often they represented approximately 9 percentage points less compared to all academics. Factors appear here as well Doctorate, work experience despite older age and male gender favorable factors again.

Based on income there also seems to be a difference. Only 8 percent of humanities graduates achieve a monthly net income of at least €4,000, compared to around 16 percent for all academics. Around 44 percent of humanities scholars and 52 percent of academics earn between 2,000 and 4,000 euros. Around 48 percent of humanities scholars and around 32 percent of academics would earn less than €2,000. Just look at them full-time employees, the values ​​are somewhat more favorable, but still around 10 percentage points below the level of all academics. Factors play a role here as well Doctorate, professional experience achieved by age and male gender an important role.

With regard to the adequacy of employment and therefore also to the perspectives of humanities scientists, the conclusion is drawn that The differences in the level of requirements are the smallest protrude. They are bigger Differences in managerial and supervisory activities as well as income, while humanities scholars fare worse here. Just look at them full-time employees, the differences would decrease somewhat. Positive influencing indicators seem to be one Doctorate, work experience despite older age and male gender be.

Here you can find IW-Report 32/19:

Humanities researchers on the labor market: professions, sectors, career positions

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