Image source: © pressmaster for stock.adobe.com
Food is an important part of our lives and also of our society. But body image and the ideal body image are also a big topic. We are confronted with it on social networks, on television, in magazines and also in everyday life. When people no longer have a healthy relationship with food and their bodies, they have an eating disorder. An example of such an eating disorder is binge eating. what exactly is that? How does the disease manifest itself? What are signs? what’s behind it?
Binge eating is a recognized eating disorder that is diagnosed in DSM-V from the American Psychiatric Association. It stands out regular binge eating in which sufferers consume large amounts of calories in a short period of time. These binges can vary from patient to patient unchecked so they can’t just stop eating or decide for themselves what they eat and how much they eat. You feel like you’re losing control over your eating habits.
Unlike bulimia However, those afflicted with binge eating disorder take it upon themselves not a countermeasure, such as vomiting, purging, or excessive exercise. That Eating behavior among binge eaters it can still be chaotic, disorganized and irregular, but also sometimes controlled. There is shame and disgust usually large after binge eating in sufferers. Also fault often appear after seizures. Sufferers therefore try binge eating secret keep it so that no one finds out about it. The fact that sufferers do not take any countermeasures, as in the case of bulimia, means that their body weight is often higher and they are often considered overweight or even obese. But even people of normal weight can suffer from binge eating disorder.
That weight and your own figure often play one major role in the disabled. They have a negative image of themselves and their character and have a low self-esteem. Therefore, people with disabilities may often try to reduce their weight through various diets.
are affected more women than men while the gender difference is less pronounced than in other eating disorders. In total, they are about 2 percent affected population. The risk of developing the disease is particularly high in young adults and middle-aged people, which also differentiates the disorder from other eating disorders such as bulimia or anorexia differs.
To be diagnosed with binge eating disorder, you must: Criteria from DSM-V fulfill:
- Recurrent binge eating
- During a binge eating disorder, at least 3 of the following symptoms must occur: eat significantly faster than usual; Eating until an unpleasant feeling of fullness occurs; large amounts of food are eaten despite lack of hunger; a person eats alone because he is ashamed of the amount of food eaten; self-disgust is felt after binge eating, as well as feelings of guilt or depression
- More clear suffering through binge eating
- binge eating on average once a week for 3 months on
- Here is no inappropriate compensatory behavior and binge eating does not only occur in the context of anorexia or bulimia
and aftermath binge eating disorder can be serious. Most often, the disorder occurs together with sa obesity, i.e. severe overweight. Severe obesity can in turn affect physical health because, among other things, it can have a negative impact on cardiovascular system influence, just as the risk of diabetes increases. Also spineas Bone and joints may be affected. But the psychological and social consequences of the disorder can also be great. Affected usually suffer greatly and they have a very negative image of themselves. In addition, many withdraw more and more out of shame and disgust, which until social isolation can lead.
The causes of binge eating are diverse. Usually come several causes togetherwhich lead to disease. So there is no “one” cause of binge eating disorder. However, there are some factors that often seem to be responsible. These are now listed and can only be considered as possible causes.
For one thing, it seems biological and physical give related influence. So become one genetic component they discussed because the disorder would often run more frequently in families. Also would a childhood obesity increase the risk of developing the disorder. As well as a risk factor frequent diets be seen which s frequent weight fluctuations would go hand in hand. Frequent fasting and banning certain foods could lead to increased appetite, which in turn could end up in binge eating disorder.
In addition, in this context also play personality traits role. There is a possible risk factor impulsiveness. Anyone who tends to act impulsively without thinking about the possible consequences and consequences is at a higher risk of developing the disorder.
Also personal attitude towards the body, personal figure and appearance is one of the relevant factors. dissatisfied Individuals would tend to diet more often, which in turn can lead to cravings and binge eating. However, the attitude of the disabled towards their body, appearance and themselves also plays a role in maintaining the disorder. According to negative self image and the association of one’s self-esteem with one’s appearance and weight can become a vicious circle develop. Binge eating makes sufferers feel particularly bad, which lowers their self-esteem. Sufferers were often unable to adequately deal with these negative feelings, but would compensate with more food. Other negative feelings such as sadness and the like often compensate for the impairment with food. and emotion regulation so it also seems to play a role.
It can also act as a risk factor negative and traumatic life events, such as experiences of abuse or violence. Other critical life events such as separation experiences etc. could also increase the risk.
Also family influences could play a role. This could include, but is not limited to, those affected negative experiences related to their appearance and weight within their family would do Negative and derogatory comments from family members could act as a risk factor. That also parents’ eating habits and the rules that would be imposed on the child in this regard could have an impact. If these rules are particularly strict and strict, this can be an influencing factor, because children would not learn to handle their hunger on their own or not.
That also slim ideal of beauty at the societal level they could play a role. For sufferers, this can lead to an exaggerated ideal and devaluation of their own body, which can result in frequent dieting.
Signs and symptoms
As already explained, they are recurrent binge eating without compensatory behavior the main symptom of binge eating disorder. However, now it should be about other signs and symptoms, especially at the level of the affected person’s behavior, by which binge eating disorder can be recognized.
That mass disabled people can play a role in this. As already mentioned, many of those affected are overweight or even obese. However, there are also people with disabilities within the normal weight range.
Another sign can social exclusion be. Sufferers usually feel shame and disgust about their binge eating and generally suffer from lower self-esteem. Eating, and especially binge eating, is often done alone, trying to hide it at all costs. TO Keep your binge eating secret to make this possible, some sufferers withdraw from other people.
Also money problems occur in connection with binge eating disorder. In case of binge eating, a large amount of food must be bought quickly. Depending on how frequent these seizures are, this can become a major financial burden.
In addition, it can be noticed even with disabilities hoarding and hiding food, so that you have them ready in case of overeating. This can be particularly noticeable if the person does not live alone but, for example, still lives with his parents.
That also Eating behavior among binge eaters can be noticeable. Some of the sufferers go on diets between attacks, eat irregularly and chaotically or in a controlled manner.
These symptoms, as well as the listed causes, are shall not be construed as exhaustive, complete or unlimited in application or use track. Binge eating, like many other disorders, is a complex interplay different factors and influences and therefore can manifest in different ways or be accompanied by different signs and symptoms.
Other posts you might be interested in: