Demand for MINT specialists: is there a shortage of qualified workers?

Demand for MINT specialists: is there a shortage of qualified workers?

Image source: © WavebreakMediaMicro for

MINT professions are very important in Germany, the country of innovation. Therefore, the demand for STEM specialists is still high. Is there a skills shortage? If so, how big is it?

MINT profession for innovation

On the side etc (Information from the Institute of German Economy) were The results of the Spring MINT 2019 report of the German Economic Institute (IW) are presented. and addressed the issue of the need for STEM specialists. Above all, it should be pointed out that the strengths of the field of mathematics, computer science, natural sciences and technology, abbreviated as MINT, particularly important for the innovative power of the country Yippee. Also Investment in research and development, are important for this, as are the prevailing framework conditions. These three factors would have to work well together to achieve long-term progress.

Especially metal and electrical industry play together important role in Germany, because an above-average number of MINT specialists are employed here, and companies also spend a lot of money on innovative processes and products. In 2017, businesses and companies spent around 100 billion euros on research and development, which is 63 percent of all innovation spending in Germany. Compared to the expenditure in 2010, this represents an increase, as the industry invested only 66.3 billion euros there.

Need for STEM professionals

Now it’s about the need for MINT specialists. Accordingly they were At the end of April 2019, there were 478,300 STEM positions unfilled. However, there were only 168,600 unemployed in this sector. If you include this factor, as well as the factor that the qualifications of the unemployed must match the qualifications of the vacancies (mathematicians cannot hold positions as biologists), we arrive at one Skilled labor shortage 311300 Come. Compared to the previous year, this means a slight decrease of 3,500 vacancies, but the situation remains tense.

The need for MINT specialists has increased especially in the field of IT and therefore one big job difference created. In 2014, there was a shortage of 19,000 qualified workers in 2019 already 59,000. This increased need affects all skill levels in the field. The reason is the growing demand of companies for expertise in the IT sector, which is caused by digitization and is being pushed further.

The trend towards this increased demand in the IT sector can also be observed at training levelbecause for the third time the increase in the number of training contracts concluded in the IT sector was particularly high. In 2019, 13.4 percent more training contracts were concluded. However, these future skilled workers would not be enough to close the skill gap after completing the training.

The shortage of skilled workers will continue to worsen

of The demand for MINT specialists will therefore continue to increase in the coming years, just as there will be a shortage of qualified workers. It is primarily due to demographic change, which means many current STEM professionals will soon retire. As predicted by IW by 2021, an average of 258,600 new STEM specialists will be needed annuallyto get the current status. In the following years it will be necessary to keep increasing. Between 2022 and 2026, it will be 279,400 new STEM professionals annually. From In 2027, demand would even rise to 287,600 increase the number of new STEM professionals each year. And that’s just to get the current state of the workforce.

Attract new STEM professionals

The need for MINT specialists is and will remain high. Iwd is now looking at how more new MINT specialists can be recruited. On the one hand, dual education in this area will be more attractive for young people. It’s easy to justify why this might be an attractive option. Career prospects are very good, there are plenty of permanent full-time positions, management prospects are good and the salaries are also very good.

we go further Immigration of skilled professionals can be improved. The passage of the Skilled Immigration Act by the federal government is an important step in this regard.

Long-term success can be achieved through a better STEM education be caught For this purpose in school to be scheduled. Here, the focus should be more on having fun with science. In addition, the increased use of computers and new educational concepts could contribute to this and stimulate interest in technology and information.

Moreover, it is important Getting more women into STEM fields and arouse their interest in the given topic. Although the number of female MINT graduates increased between 2011 and 2016, there are still significantly fewer women than men in the field.

You can find the article on the iwd website here:

The MINT profession: An increasing shortage of IT specialists

Find the MINT Spring 2019 Report here:

MINT and innovation – successes and the need for action

Other posts you might be interested in:

About the author J Bohlken

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *