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of lack of skills it still affects a large part of the German economy. Today, there is a shortage especially of those professions that have a professional training accompanied. It mainly concerns small and medium-sized companies, which also undergo training. This was also the starting point for changes on the part of the companies. What is the change in the training situation in shortage professions? How is the demand?
That Institute for German Economics (IW) has in his IW Short Report 62/2019 “Companies create more training positions in shortage professions“ dealt with changing the situation in training in shortage professions.
First, the profession in 3 categories assigned. The first category consists of shortage occupations. Occupations in which there has been a bottleneck since 2011 fall into this category. This means that since 2011 there have been more vacancies than qualified specialists. Many occupations in short supply can be found in trades and the electrical and metal industries. Another category is narrow occupations. These are professions in which there was no shortage of skilled workers in 2011, but now there is a shortage of skilled workers. The last category is Occupations that are not problematicin which there is no emergency.
When asked about the change in the situation in training in professions in short supply, the report first addressed the question of how the offer of training places has changed between 2011 and 2018 she changed. Accordingly, have v lack of jobs and the largest increase in reported training places given. That was 33 percent. The second strongest, but far behind this number, is the one An increase in training places in narrow professions with 7.1 percent. in Occupations that are not problematic the number of training places has not increased, but in fact he went back specifically by 4.2 percent.
Demand for training places
In order to be able to assess the change in the educational situation in shortage professions, the development of the demand for training places in the period between 2011 and 2018 he considered in a brief IW report. Accordingly, in addition to the number of training positions, The number of applicants for them in shortage professions increased. However, the increase was only 25.6 percent, which means that the number of applicants is significantly lower than for training places. As a result, it will be in 2018 as well significantly more free training places, than in 2011. In 2011 there were still 1,570 vacant training places, in 2018 there were already 5,019, which means an increase of 220 percent. So should companies significantly more newly concluded training contracts are expected. However, the increase in newly concluded training contracts was only 18 percent compared to 2011. In total, there were 16,592 more training places than applicants in 2018.
Also in narrow places see it not much better because in 2018 there were 27,374 more training places than there were applicants for them. If this wide gap persists, there is a risk that the bottlenecks will also become occupations in short supply.
IN Occupations that are not problematic however, the situation looks different. Here, the number of applicants for a teaching certificate even reached 23,798 applicants well above the offer located at training sites.
Reasons and what might be useful
The short IW report gives the reason for this change in the training situation in shortage occupations and also in narrow occupations fit problem said. Therefore, the career aspirations of applicants do not correspond to the current needs and supply of the economy.
To address this problem and prevent current narrow occupations from becoming shortage occupations in the future, training applicants would have to Washing regarding the profession editas the needs of the economy change. This can be strengthened and needs-based career guidance can be achieved according to IW. It is important not only to go to the desired job, but also to clarify which one related professions here is. In these related professions they are career prospects are usually even better. On the one hand, this can be reflected in the salary, but on the other hand, also in job opportunities, because more vacancies would become available and the chances of a good job would increase.
It is therefore important to delve deeper into career choice young people in counseling and education is about them, also related to a specific profession. If the career choice was made wisely, secure work and good income would be much more likely. If skills and interests were taken into account, job satisfaction would also increase.
Here you will find the short report IW 62/2019:
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